Key concepts in postcolonial studies

It should be understood that this process draws creativity, amounting an entire domain and discourse. The term strategic essentialism denotes a temporary, essential group-identity used in the praxis of discourse among peoples.

Therefore, there is an entire industry that exploits the Orient for its own subjective purposes that lack a native and intimate understanding. Key concepts in postcolonial studies arriving to Africa, the Europeans encountered the native African civilizations of the Ashanti Empirethe Benin Empirethe Kingdom of Dahomeythe Buganda Kingdom Ugandaand the Kingdom of Kongoall of which were annexed by imperial powers under the belief that they required European stewardship, as proposed and justified in the essay "The African Character"by G.

Therefore, in service to the colonial type of imperialism, the us-and-them Orientalist paradigm allowed European scholars to represent the Oriental World as inferior and backward, irrational and wild, as opposed to a Western Europe that was superior and progressive, rational and civil—the opposite of the Oriental Other.

Yet, after decolonization, their bicultural educations originated postcolonial criticism of empire and colonialism, and of the representations of the colonist and the colonized.

Post-Colonial Studies: The Key Concepts

Once given, I attest to this. The term post-colonialism—according to a too-rigid etymology—is frequently misunderstood as a temporal concept, meaning the time after colonialism has ceased, or the time following the politically determined Independence Day on which a country breaks away from its governance by another state.

Furthermore, essentialism can occasionally be applied—by the so-described people—to facilitate the subaltern's communication in being heeded, heard, and understood, because a strategic essentialism a fixed and established subaltern identity is more readily grasped, and accepted, by the popular majority, in the course of inter-group discourse.

In early-eighteenth century Britain, it was poets and politicians like Joseph Addison and Richard Glover — who were vocal advocates of these ancient republican values. It was spurred by German Hellenist scholars and English romantic poets: In France, Voltaire was one of the most fervent admirers of Rome.

The first category of literature presents and analyzes the internal challenges inherent to determining an ethnic identity in a decolonized nation.

Bhabha argued that viewing the human world as composed of separate and unequal cultures, rather than as an integral human world, perpetuates the belief in the existence of imaginary peoples and places—"Christendom" and "The Islamic World", "The First World", "The Second World", and "The Third World".

The important distinction, between the terms, is that strategic essentialism does not ignore the diversity of identities cultural and ethnic in a social group, but that, in its practical function, strategic essentialism temporarily minimizes inter-group diversity to pragmatically support the essential group-identity.

The ideology of Empire was hardly ever a brute jingoism; rather, it made subtle use of reason, and recruited science and history to serve its ends. Minh-ha has been developing her innovative theories about postcolonialism in various means of expression, literature, films, and teaching.

Which they not only shared but also interpreted and carried forward. The important distinction, between the terms, is that strategic essentialism does not ignore the diversity of identities cultural and ethnic in a social group, but that, in its practical function, strategic essentialism temporarily minimizes inter-group diversity to pragmatically support the essential group-identity.

TonkinAnnamCochinchinaCambodia and Laos. In The Politics, he established a racial classification and ranked the Greeks superior to the rest.

Nature has made a race of workers, the Chinese race, who have wonderful manual dexterity, and almost no sense of honour; govern them with justice, levying from them, in return for the blessing of such a government, an ample allowance for the conquering race, and they will be satisfied; a race of tillers of the soil, the Negro; treat him with kindness and humanity, and all will be as it should; a race of masters and soldiers, the European race.

TonkinAnnamCochinchinaCambodia and Laos. A theory of post-colonialism must, then, respond to more than the merely chronological construction of post-independence, and to more than just the discursive experience of imperialism.

In France, Voltaire was one of the most fervent admirers of Rome. It was in the mid-eighteenth century that ancient Greece became a source of admiration among the French and British.

Structural adjustment programmes SAPs calls for trade liberalization, privatization of banks, health care, and educational institutions.

In she wrote "Woman, Native, Other: Click image for key In the late 19th century, the Scramble for Africa — proved to be the tail end of mercantilist colonialism of the European imperial powers, yet, for the Africans, the consequences were greater than elsewhere in the colonized non—Western world.

That the applied power of such cultural knowledge allowed Europeans to rename, re-define, and thereby control Oriental peoples, places, and things, into imperial colonies. Once given, I attest to this.

This discourse is complex and multi-faceted.Get this from a library! Post-colonial studies: the key concepts. [Bill Ashcroft; Gareth Griffiths; Helen Tiffin] -- "Post-colonial studies stands at the intersection of debates about race, colonialism, gender, politics and language.

In the language of post-colonial studies, some words are new while others are. Post-colonial studies stands at the intersection of debates about race, colonialism, gender, politics and language. In the language of post-colonial studies, some words are new while others are familiar but charged with a new significance.

Post-Colonial Studies: The Key Concepts. This article approaches the idea of a postcolonial aesthetics from the point of view of the transformative exchange that occurs in the “contact zone.

"Diaspora": Definitional Differences Entered by Leong Yew Key Concepts in Post-Colonial Studies. Uses diaspora in lower case. The authors share the OED's etymology but hinge "diaspora" around the process of western/European colonization. 1 Key Concepts of Postcolonial Criticism Hisham M Nazer1 1.

Postcolonialism

Usually draws example from the literary works of African Americans, aboriginal Australians and India. 2. Postcolonial criticism is both a subject matter and a theoretical framework. As a subject matter it analyzes literature produced by.

"Post-colonial studies stands at the intersection of debates about race, colonialism, gender, politics and language. In the language of post-colonial studies, some words are new while others are familiar but charged with a new significance.

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Key concepts in postcolonial studies
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